Sustainable House Design Factors for Cool Temperate (Includes Cold-Alpine)
( Example Canberra, Tasmania)
* Low humidity.
* High diurnal range.
* Four distinct seasons. Summer and winter exceed human comfort range
* Cold to very cold winters with majority of rainfall.
* Hot dry summers.
* Variable spring and autumn conditions.
KEY DESIGN PURPOSES
* Use passive solar principles.
* High thermal mass is strongly recommended.
* Insulate thermal mass including slab edges.
* Maximise north facing walls & glazing, especially in living areas with passive solar access.
* Minimise east & west glazing.
* Use adjustable shading.
* Minimise south facing glazing.
* Use double glazing, insulating frames and/or heavy drapes with sealed pelmets to insulate glass in winter.
* Minimise external wall areas (especially E & W).
* Use cross ventilation & night time cooling in summer.
* Encourage convective ventilation & heat circulation.
* Site new homes for solar access, exposure to cooling breezes and protection from cold winds.
* Draught seal thoroughly and provide airlocks to entries
* Install auxiliary heating in extreme climates.
* Use reflective insulation to keep out heat in summer.
* Use bulk insulation to keep heat in during winter. Bulk insulate walls, ceilings and exposed floors.
No examples available at present.